Solvency and Liquidity in Shipping Companies

April 20, 2022

Solvency vs Liquidity

Solvency and liquidity ratios make it much easier for businesses to strike the right balance between debt, assets, and revenues. While solvency and liquidity are similar concepts, they tackle the issue of debt from slightly different angles.

Not all of the company’s basic inventory is included in current assets – only such assets as money owed to it by other firms and individuals plus marketable securities. Both solvency and liquidity refer to a company’s state of financial health, however, the two terms are different. Others look at a business’ Solvency vs Liquidity total assets and total liabilities to determine whether it is solvent. If its total assets are greater than total liabilities, it must be solvent, they say. If a company is solvent it is able to accomplish long-term expansion and growth, as well as meeting its long-term financial obligations.

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Liquidity refers to the ability of a company to pay off its short-term debts; that is, whether the current liabilities can be paid with the current assets on hand. Liquidity also measures how fast a company is able to covert its current assets into cash. Liquidity, means is to get money at the time of need, i.e. it is the company’s ability to cover its financial obligations in the short run. Solvency refers to the firm’s ability of a business to have enough assets to meet its debts as they become due for payment.

This is ideal, but a ratio of 1 or below is not necessarily a red flag. Current liabilities include all debt that’s due within 12 months, while the cash ratio looks only at the cash the company has on hand now. Plus, like current ratio, cash ratio will fluctuate quite a bit as revenue comes and goes. You can get a better feel for your company’s liquidity by taking cash ratio snapshots throughout the month or quarter and then averaging them out. If the average is 1 or better, your company is doing very well by this measurement. The cash ratio is a much stricter way to measure liquidity than the current ratio.

How to Measure Liquidity

If your company’s solvency ratios are too high, you might consider focusing your efforts over the next few months on paying down your debts. Extra cash flow from a strong month of sales could be put toward debt instead of investing that money into something new. Solvency is a company’s ability to meet its long-term debt obligations. Long-term debt is defined as any financing or borrowed monies that will be paid back after 12 months. Finance managers often look at their organization’s liquidity and solvency when assessing the ability to pay debts. Although both areas help strategize debt coverage, one focuses on addressing debts in the short-term through cash, while the other helps establish long-term financial stability. Solvency refers to an enterprise’s capacity to meet its long-term financial commitments.

  • But as a general rule of thumb, keeping your ratio around 2 is usually best.
  • While both measure the ability of an entity to pay its debts, they cannot be used interchangeably as they are different in scope and purpose.
  • Cash flow shows the cash transactions that help identify the firm’s capacity to meet short-term obligations.
  • If one of the ratios shows limited solvency, that should raise a red flag for analysts.
  • On the other hand, businesses with little equipment expense, such as many tech startups, generally try to keep their debt-to-equity ratios under 2.
  • Businesses with a track record of consistently turning profits year after year have viability.
  • These ratios are used in the credit analysis of the firm by creditors, suppliers and banks.

Some of these ratios are technical—of use primarily to auditors or corporate analysts. Others are easily assessed by accountants, business owners, and investors alike. Here are three simple equations to begin your solvency ratio analysis. This study examines factors affecting the solvency of shipping firms.

What are Solvency Ratios?

In contrast, a low debt ratio implies that a larger portion of a company’s assets are funded by equity, rather than debt. There are several metrics and financial ratios that banks and lenders can use to evaluate your liquidity and solvency using your financial statements as a starting point. Liquidity is a company’s ability to meet its short-term debt obligations.

Solvency vs Liquidity

If a bank is considering a loan to a business, it will look carefully at these ratios to determine if the business already has too much debt and not enough assets to pay off that debt. A firm can survive and thrive with poor liquidity – but the management will have to be on their toes. To overcome poor liquidity in the short term, the firm must have strong cash flow and/or access to operating funds for emergencies. For the long term (“chronic” poor liquidity) the firm must have strong profitability and/or strong solvency.

Accounts Receivable Turnover

Solvency refers to the ability of a business to cover its long-term liabilities. When a business cannot maintain liquidity, it will need to borrow money to oblige short-term liabilities. These expenses include accounts payable, inventory purchases, payroll, taxes, and so on. Let us discuss the importance of liquidity and solvency for a business — and why you should care about these moving ratios. This calculation tests the company’s capacity to meet its debt interest cost equal to its Earnings before Interest and Taxes .

As you think about the key differences between liquidity and solvency, knowing the fundamental differences between these two reports will help you navigate these metrics. Liquidity can be calculated by using ratios like current ratio, cash ratio, quick ratio/acid test ratio etc.

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